Orthodontic problems as a whole are described as “malocclusion.” Orthodontic problems can be more than just unattractive, they can lead to tooth damage, make it hard to clean your teeth, and make it hard for you to chew. Most issues are inherited although some may result from an accident, early or late loss of baby teeth, or prolonged sucking of the thumb or fingers.
This page contains a basic description of some of the most common orthodontic problems, but the best way to find out if you have an orthodontic problem is with an in-person consultation and evaluation.
CLASS II (overbite)
If left uncorrected, Class II with protruding front teeth may cause vulnerability for trauma of the front teeth.
CLASS III (Underbite)
If left uncorrected, Class III may result in uneven toothwear, gum disease involving bone loss, and surgical correction at a later age.
CROWDING (Crooked teeth)
Crowding is often one of several orthodontic problems. Crowding can be the cause or result of other problems, such as impacted teeth, retained teeth or teeth that do not naturally fall out. Crossbite of the front or back teeth can also cause the teeth to become crowded.
SPACING (Gaps between teeth)
If left uncorrected, deep overbite can result in uneven and excessive wear of upper and lower front teeth, and damage to palatal gum tissues.
If left untreated, crossbite may lead to uneven and excessive wear of teeth, asymmetrical development of the jaws, need for surgical correction at a later age.
The canines are one of the most commonly impacted teeth. Impacted teeth can be caused by improper position of teeth, or crowding.
Impacted teeth should be managed as soon as it is diagnosed. If left uncorrected, impacted teeth may cause damage to the root structure of adjacent healthy teeth, development of cysts around the impacted teeth, and unaesthetic spacings between teeth.
Sometimes people do not develop all their adult teeth. This is usually genetic in origin. In some cases, teeth are missing due to poor oral hygiene and extractions. Orthodontic treatment may involve closing the space where teeth are missing, or holding the space for an artificial tooth replacement.
If left uncorrected, missing teeth may cause drifting or tipping of teeth into the gaps, unattractive spaces between teeth, and shifting of dental midlines.